Wood Staining with Aniline Dye Stain
The Best Water Based Wood
Aniline dye was originally
developed to color fabric, leather, and wood. It
was discovered by William Henry Perkin in a
laboratory accident. He was trying to create a
synthetic version of the anti-malaria drug quinine
on a challenge given by his professor in 1856.
Perkin was trying to find a solution to the task,
and oxidized the chemical aniline, a coal-tar
byproduct, with the chemical potassium dichromate.
This reaction caused a thick
black substance to form in Perkin's flask, which is
a common symptom of a failed experiment in organic
chemistry. Later, when Perkin was cleaning his
flask, he found that the substance dissolved in
alcohol to form a purple liquid, which was later
found to take to textiles extremely well, which led
to the aniline dyes industry we know today.
Aniline dyes come in a variety
of colors, ranging from soft hues to bright primary
colors. They are used in a variety of fields but
most commonly by the woodworking industries. Wood
staining with aniline dye stain is more
advantageous over wood stains. It is much cheaper
and the finish has much more clarity and saturation
of the dye. Aniline dyes do not leave pigmentation
on the surface of the wood which leaves the
finished product less “muddy” in appearance.
penetrates all parts of the wood equally, unlike
stains which absorb more color into parts of the
surface that are more porous.
Many woodworkers dye their
wood projects using an aniline dye solution made
from a powder concentrate. It is dissolved in
either water or alcohol.
A mixture of 50/50 of denatured alcohol and
lacquer thinner makes a very good non-grain rising
Typically aniline dye comes as
one ounces of dry powder in a container. It will
produce two quarts of dye. This makes it extremely
affordable as compared to oil based wood stains and
dyes. It is very easy to work with. Different
shades of the color can be obtained simply by
reducing the water to dye ratio.
When mixed with water, the
wood grain has a tendency to rise which requires
light sanding after the dye dries.
Applying Water Based
Woodshop Dust Collector