How to Eliminate Fireplace Smoke
Nothing can ruin a perfect evening in
front of the fireplace more than a smoked up room.
Many home owners with fireplaces or woodstoves have
to deal with smoke problems but you don’t have to
if you understand the causes of the problem. You
can nearly eliminate fireplace and woodstove smoke
by following these suggestion and performing
routine chimney maintenance.
If you smell smoke, chances are your fireplace or
wood burning stove is not working properly. A
gentle waft of smoke isn’t unusual but too much
smoke in the room is simply air pollution that can
be harmful and could be deadly.
If your fireplace or wood burning stove is
installed properly and working as it should you can
enjoy the comfort of their heat and ambience
without the smoke. In addition to having your
fireplace or wood burning stove in proper working
condition, you should use the right type of wood
and insure that it is seasoned wood. If the wood is
too green it contains high moisture content which
In many cases fireplace problems associated with
smoke is caused by poor system design of your
fireplace or woodstove. What typically happens is
that a low flue draft and low flue temperatures are
serious problems that can cause them to smoke. If
your fireplace has a long single walled flue pipe
or woodstove stove pipe the excessive heat will be
produced prior to the gas reaching the chimney. A
ninety degree flue pipe can also cause a smoke
problem caused by the reduced or no gas flow at
all. If your chimney goes up the outside wall there
is a good chance that a weak draft is created. If
this is the case you would need a different
installation so the gasses are able to escape which
will force the smoke outside.
Another common problem is that the house has
negative pressure. In modern construction most
building codes result in a near airtight house
which for the most part is a good thing. An
airtight home is easier to heat due to less air
leakage but for the higher volume exhaust required
for burning a fireplace or wood burning stove is
inhibited because the house is too airtight. The
house will develop a negative pressure when
compared to air on the outside. The negative
pressure reduces the chimney draft causing a poor
exhaust of the gas and smoke. If the problem is too
severe smoke is drawn back down the chimney to the
inside of the house.
reason for fireplace smoke in the house is from a
smoldering fire. This is caused by the fire not
having enough air so it smolders rather than burns.
If the exhaust temperature is too low then a
sufficient draft cannot be produced by the flue.
Opening the fireplace doors when a fire is
smoldering will only aggravate the problem, causing
smoke to filter into the home. Even if you closed
the doors during a smoldering fire it may not be
enough to stop the flow of smoke.
Most of the smoke inside the house can be reduced
or even eliminated by using an outside air supply
duct. This will allow the fireplace to get air from
outside the house which counteracts any negative
pressure caused by an airtight house. An outside
air duct will greatly reduce if not eliminate
fireplace and wood stove smoke in the house.
Cleaning a Woodstove Pipe
Fireplace Blower Fans
Fireplace and Woodstove Safety
and Woodstove Tool Set